David Held asks who deal with concerns across borders in one part of his speech. The main question is; if Covid-19 is a global problem, how will we shape global governance? Democracies, authoritarian regimes, the rise of populism play a role in shaping global governance. According to David Held, there are four main parameters that which actors can shape global governance.
First of all, it is important to manage social movements. In this process the "Tweet Zero" campaign caught my attention. The campaign emphasizes a few simple behaviors people can do for their own safety, such as washing hands frequently, staying home while sick, not touching their own face. Also health care in Italy focused on individual care, as in most European countries. Unfortunately, awareness of the epidemic in proportion to the statements of experts occurred late.
Secondly, global response is impossible if we do not create strong well-functioning institutions at the global level. The G20, NATO, African Union, BRICS and other regional institutions should contribute to reducing geopolitical tensions. It should identify strategies to ensure peace and security in the field.
Thirdly, governance is not limited to official government bodies and local-national-transnational governance mechanism is required because, this is a collective problem. A network of mayors can be established so the role of local municipalities needs to be strengthened to ease the burden of the central government. For example, Küçükçekmece municipality provided 8 thousand 486 servings of hot meals to those in need, that this behavior should be an example to other municipalities. In addition, Public-Private Partnerships also affected the health sector due to the epidemic. In particular, Turkey has given priority to the construction of the city hospital. But, According to Médecins Sans Frontières, in such an epidemic you can not only focus on hospital care; general practitioners and family physicians also have a vital role. According to the estimates of the International Labor Organization, 25 million people will lose their jobs worldwide that the United Nations can prevent this situation for example UN teams in 162 countries will implement a recovery plan over the next 12-18 months. As transnational governance the World Bank has promised 12 billion dollars of privileged loans, grants and technical assistance to developing countries struggling with coronavirus. For example, lack of access to personal protective equipment across Italy is factors that expose preliminary healthcare workers to a high risk of infection.
Finally, the leadership factor is very important in times of crisis for example the political leaders gathered announced that they support the World Health Organization (WHO), which will receive some funds, as well as other organizations trying to develop vaccines and treatment. While trade relations deteriorated markedly, China and Turkey increased the support of protective equipment to Europe, especially Spain and Italy. This soft power policy can be used in the future.
As a result, crises give signals that an existing order is no longer valid. That's why, I have reviewed four parameters against the Covid-19 epidemic, the first is social movements, the second is the strong well-functioning institutions, the third is the local-national-transnational governance mechanism, and the fourth is leadership. With international coordination and cooperation, we can manage all kinds of crises.